Important Topics: Indian Literacy and Bihar Position 2012, Current Affairs 2012   2 comments

Map showing the literacy rate of each district...

Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Do we know that in terms of Women Literacy BIHAR ranks at Bottom with 53% as per Statistical Year Book 2012. Find other fact about Indian Literacy rates(85% Male & 65% for Female)…
Find further details in link below
Literacy Rate in India

Important Topics: History- Indian Mediaeval History- INDO_GREEK Connection- BPSC/JPSC/UPSC 2012   1 comment

Alexander and Hephaistion

Alexander and Hephaistion (Photo credit: █ Slices of Light █▀ ▀ ▀)

Cultural links between India and the Greco-Roman world

Cyrus the Great (558-530 BC) built the first universal empire, stretching from Greece to the Indus River. This was the famous Achaemenid Dynasty of Persia. An inscription at Naqsh-i-Rustam, the Tomb of his able successor Darius I (521-486 BC), near Persepolis, records Gadara (Gandhara) along with Hindush (Hindus, Sindh) in the long list of satrapies of the Persian Empire.

By about 380 BC the Persian hold on Indian regions slackened and many small local kingdoms arose. In 327 BC Alexander the Great overran the Persian Empire and located small political entities within these territories. The next year, Alexander fought a difficult battle against the Indian monarch Porus near the modern Jhelum River. East of Porus’ kingdom, near the Ganges River, was the powerful kingdom of Magadha, under the Nanda Dynasty.

Plutarch (AD 46 – 120) was a Greek historian, biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Livesand Moralia. He gives an interesting description of the situation:

As for the Macedonians, however, their struggle with Porus blunted their courage and stayed their further advance into India. For having had all they could do to repulse an enemy who mustered only twenty thousand infantry and two thousand horse, they violently opposed Alexander when he insisted on crossing the river Ganges also, the width of which, as they learned, was thirty-two furlongs, its depth a hundred fathoms, while its banks on the further side were covered with multitudes of men-at arms and horsemen and elephants.

Exhausted and frightened by the prospect of facing another giant Indian army at the Ganges River, his army mutinied at the Hyphasis (modern Beas River), refusing to march further East. Alexander left behind Greek forces which established themselves in the City of Taxila, now in Pakistan.

After the death of Alexander in 323 BC, Seleucus was nominated as the satrap of Babylon in 320 BC.Antigonus forced Seleucus to flee from Babylon, but, supported by Ptolemy, he was able to return in 312 BC. Seleucus’ later conquests include Persia and Media. He invaded what is now Punjab in northern India and Pakistan in 305 BC.

Further reading as published by Sanujit

published on 12 February 2011, 12:51

Can be downloaded here: Indo-greek connection

Important Topics: History-World History: Troy /Trojan War- BPSC/UPSC/JPSC-2012   Leave a comment


Troy: Definition

English: Hectōr (Ἕκτωρ), or Hektōr, is a Troja...

English: Hectōr (Ἕκτωρ), or Hektōr, is a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Troy is the name of the Bronze Age City featured in theTrojan War of ancient Greek oral and literary tradition and the name given to the archaeological site in the north west of Asia Minor (now Turkey) which has revealed a large and prosperous city occupied over millennia. There has been much scholarly debate as to whether mythical Troy actually existed and if so whether the archaeological site was the same city, however, it is now almost universally accepted that the archaeological excavations have revealed the city of Homer’s Iliad. Other names for Troy include Hisarlik (Turkish), Ilios (Homer), Ilion (Greek) and Ilium (Roman).
Mythological Troy
Troy is the setting for Homer’s Iliad in which he recounts the final year of the Trojan War some time in the thirteenth century BC. The war was in fact a ten-year siege of the city by a coalition of Greek forces led by King Agamemnon of Mycenae. The purpose of the expedition was to reclaim Helen, wife of Menelaos, king of Argos and brother of Agamemnon. Helen was abducted by the Trojan prince Paris and taken as his prize for choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess in a competition with Athena and Hera. The Trojan War is also told in other sources such as the Epic Cycle poems (of which only fragments survive) and is also briefly mentioned in Homer’s Odyssey. Troy and the Trojan War later became a staple myth of Classical Greek and Roman literature. Futher Readings……………….. click below and download


Classical and Folk Dance of India- Prelim test Prepration 2012   Leave a comment

India: Classification, Geographical Spread – For GS Mains Paper I (Culture + Human Geography)
This article is important for GS (Mains) Paper I .
Courtsey: Pasha notes

Posted जुलाई 31, 2012 by Visionary in BPSC MAINS

Tagged with , ,

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) PT results for Civil Services Examination 2012   Leave a comment


The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) declared the results for the written test of the Combined Defence Services Examination (I)-2012 on Wednesday, June13.
The exam was held by the UPSC in February, 2012.


A total of 10,815 candidates have cleared the written part of CDS (I) – 2012 who will now have to appear for the interview conducted by the Service Selection Board of the Ministry of Defence. Read the rest of this entry »

How to ace: Mains Paper: Sociology   Leave a comment

Cropped from an icon of Saint Charalampus, Gre...

Cropped from an icon of Saint Charalampus, Greek – Central School, early 17th century Χαραλάμπος is variously transliterated as Charalampus, Charalampos, Charalambos, Haralampus, Haralampos or Haralambos. Source (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sociology Paper – 1 by Kshitij Tyagi (AIR 148/2011) as published by_Mrunal
Kshitij Tyagi got 293/600 in Sociology papers in 2011’s UPSC (Mains) exam. I’m merely copy pasting his study plan here:

For initiation into the subject, NCERTs and Haralambos are good enough. I also watched a few videos of IGNOU uploaded on the net for some of the topics.

I began with the old edition of Haralambos. It is a fantastic book for understanding the subject and its scope. I did not read the book from cover to cover and confined myself strictly to the syllabus. This initiated me into the realm of sociology. I then moved on to IGNOU’s BA notes which are an extremely useful compilation of sociological knowledge.
I also scanned through a few chapters of Giddens to get a hang of the subject. Before Prelims, I had made some notes for the first 3 chapters of paper 1 and had read some of the thinkers. I had by then acclimatized myself with the subject and also understood that the old edition of Haralambos was necessary but insufficient.

Read the rest of this entry »

How to Ace: Mains Paper: Anthropology (BPSC / JPSC / UPSC)   1 comment

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Anthropology Study-plan and Booklist by Dr.Vijay (IAS) for UPSC Civil Service (Mains) Exam

This article, is a compilation of gems given by Dr. K.Vijayakarthikeyan (AIR 22 / CSE 2010) on the IOforum. At present, He is an IAS officer in Tamilnadu cadre.


  • Advantages of anthropology
  • Getting started with Anthropology
  • Preparation of anthropology (mains)
  • Useful books
  • About these Books
  • Tips for anthropology preparation
  • Importance of diagrams in anthropology answer writing


It’s completely based on my anthro strategy which helped me (Dr. Vijay) get 375 marks in Anthropology, in 1st attempt in cse 2010, it worked wonders with me, it may or may not work with you

  • Advantages of anthropology
  • Scoring subject
  • Interesting subject
  • Easy to grasp especially For science graduates

Getting started with Anthropology

Entire syllabus of Anthropology can be seen on my other blogpost