Hot Topic-II 13: Indian archaeology developments in year 2011(mains History Paper -India)   Leave a comment

Coat of arms of the Indian princely state of Kutch

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A. Harappan site discovered in Kutch

In a joint excavation carried out by the Department of Archaeology of Pune’s Deccan College and Gujarat’s archaeology department, a new Harappan site has been discovered at Kotada Bhadali village area in Nakhatrana taluka of Kutch district. The site dates back to 3000 BC.

The state’s archaeology department and Deccan College have planned a detailed excavation in January to gather more information related to the site.

Y S Rawat, the state’s director of archaeology, said, “Primary excavations have showed that the site probably belongs to late Harappan period around 3000 BC, but the data available from the excavation is too little to determine the exact period. We will carry out more studies to confirm the period and other facts.”

He said the investigation so far has been preliminary in nature. “In January, extensive digging will be done on all sides of the fortification wall to understand the exact nature of construction style and its layout. This will help us understand if it is really a fortification wall. If so, what is it they were guarding their settlement from?”

Source: IE-Delhi 25 July 2011

World Heritage Sites

In 1972, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted a resolution with overwhelming enthusiasm creating thereby a ‘Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage‘. The main objectives were to define the World Heritage in both cultural and natural aspects; to enlist Sites and Monuments from the member countries which are of exceptional interest and universal value, the protection of which is the concern of all mankind; and to promote co-operation among all Nations and people to contribute for the protection of these universal treasures intact for future generations.

The List of recorded sites on the World Heritage now stands at 812 which include both cultural and natural wonders, and endowment that is shared by all mankind and the protection of which is the concern of the entire mankind. These include 628 cultural, 160 natural and 24 mixed properties in 137 state parties. India is an active member State on the World Heritage from 1977 and has been working in close co-operation with other International agencies like ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites), IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) and ICCROM (International Centre for the study of Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property).

There are 27 World Heritage Properties in India out of which 22 are Cultural Properties and 5 are Natural Properties.

Courtesy: Archaeological survey of India

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